The Japanese believe that by combining Mottainai, Ikigai and Kakeibo, children will build a balanced and productive life.
1. Mottainai: Buddhist concept of resource utilization
The term Mottainai has a meaning related to a Buddhist concept that talks about human regret when wasting resources around us and reminds us "don't waste". Mottainai encourages students to use what is in their power to achieve their goals. For example, Japanese students are taught that even though the school does not apply the most advanced educational methods or does not have modern facilities, there is always the dedication of teachers and the help of friends.
In addition, Mottainai also helps students transform negative thoughts into positive will to overcome difficulties. If the test scores are not high, Japanese students will learn to see that as a stepping stone to try harder, not give up.
2. Ikigai: Reason to live
Ikigai is a well-known philosophy of life in Japan and it is also applied in the educational environment. In the Japanese concept, we will become happy if we find and pursue our own life purpose. Each person will find answers to four questions: What do you like to do? What does society need? What can you get income from? And what are you good at?.
After answering the above four questions, students' learning performance as well as attitudes and emotions also improved. You will find a career direction that is right for you. Ikigai also helps students see things around them from many perspectives, appreciate the small things in life and the depth of their souls, not worshiping material things.
3. Kakeibo: Diary of revenue and expenditure
Kakeibo is a method of spending management favored by the Japanese. Kakeibo practitioners will record a fixed monthly income to determine the amount to spend, which will then continue to be divided into smaller subsistence accounts. In addition, the executor will also write down a savings that he wants to set aside for the month and do not put this amount into monthly expenses.3.
Students will keep track of their income and expenditure diary by dividing the amount that can be spent after separating savings into four columns, : Activities, culture, entertainment, optional (not necessarily spending per month such as going out or shopping) and extra expenses (for problems that arise like car repair).
For those who do not have much financial management experience like students, Kakeibo helps them manage a suitable spending schedule to learn how to save money while still in school.